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“GEOINFORMATICS” Map your Career to make Digital India!

Introduction

Earth science increasingly rely on digital data acquired from satellite or aerial images analyzed by Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and visualized.

Geoinformatics is science which has Remote Sensing, Geographic Information System (GIS), Global Navigation Sattelite System  with Information Technology. Many fields benefit from geoinformatics, including urban planning and land use management, in-car navigation systems, virtual globes, public health, environmental modeling and analysis, military, transport network planning and management, agriculture, meteorology and climate change, oceanography and coupled ocean and atmosphere modeling, business location planning, architecture and archeological reconstruction, telecommunications, criminology and crime simulation,Bussiness management,  aviation and maritime transport. Geoinformatics becomes very important technology to decision-makers across a wide range of disciplines, industries, commercial sector, environmental agencies, local and national government, research, and academia, national survey and mapping organisations, International organisations, United Nations, emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, transportation and infrastructure, information technology industries, GIS consulting firms, environmental management agencies, tourist industry, utility companies, market analysis and e-commerce, mineral exploration, etc. Many government and non government agencies started to use spatial data for managing their day to day activities.

A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatially refrenced data. The word GIS is sometimes used for geographical information science or geospatial information studies to refer to the academic discipline or career of working with geographic information systems and is a large domain within the broader academic discipline of Geoinformatics. 

Educational background 

Geoinformatics is a specialised field necessitating expert knowledge. Background in science stream is a must. Students from geography, geology, agriculture, environment, forestry engineering, IT or computer science fields can gain admission to M.Sc., M.Tech. courses in Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing. There is the option to follow up with Ph.D. programmes. Shorter diploma, certificate courses are available as well.

 

Job prospects 

Major users of geoinformatics applications and therefore employers are the Central and State governments. Central government agencies are under the Department of Space – National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC Hyderabad), North East Space Application Centre, (NESAC Shillong), Regional Remote Sensing Centre (RRSC Kharagpur, Dehradun, Jodhpur, Nagpur and Bangalore), Indian Space Research Organisation, (ISRO Bangalore), Advanced Data Processing Research Institute (ADRIN Hyderabad) and Space Application Centre (SAC Ahmedabad), Defense Research and Development organization (DRDO), Department of Science and technology, Minstery of Environment , forest and Climate Change, Ministery of Earth Science,Geological Survey of India, Publics Sector units apart from Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) and Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR). State governments offer jobs in their individual in different departments.

Career potential 

The geoinformatics field is in its nascent stage and expanding at a rapid pace as more and more industries are employing spatial data to manage their activities. The dream of the digital India , Smart citiese can not be completed without the use of Geoinformatic technology. Almost no developmental project is complete without geospatial information and it will soon become imperative. The only limit is the acute shortage of skilled professionals.Therefore, there is tremendous scope with accelerated growth and development prospects. The pervasive use in diverse disciplines ensures a wide variety of employment opportunities. The Government of India is taking numerous initiatives under Department of Space, Department of Science & Technology (Natural Resources Data Management System – NRDMS) and others. Government/Planning commission is also setting up an Indian National GIS Organisation (INGO). Likewise many others initiatives are in process.”

The industry is rapidly adopting these technologies for efficient deliver of products or processes. Companies such as Relience Industries, L&T, Suzlon are using geospatial technology for infrastructure project management. Many IT companies are handling overseas projects based on Geospatial technologies, these include, Infosys, TCS, HCl, iGate etc. In addition to these industry giants several midsize companies such as ESRI Inc., Intergraph, Nokia, operates on specialized geospatial products.  These companies offer variety of opportunities as GIS analyst, GIS managers, Business development executives, GIS software developers etc

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